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Title: Points clouds and orthomosaics from photographs
Authors: Henriques, M. J.
Roque, D.
Braz, N.
Keywords: Orthomosaic;Point cloud;Monitoring;Civil engineering;Structure
Issue Date: Sep-2016
Publisher: Coordinates Media Private Limited
Abstract: The three authors of this paper work at the Applied Geodetic Division of the National Laboratory for Civil Engineering (LNEC), in Lisbon, Portugal. LNEC is a state owned research and development institution founded in 1946. It works in the various domains of civil engineering (structures, hydraulic, geotechnics, environment, materials, among others), giving it a unique multidisciplinary perspective in this field. The main goals of the LNEC are to carry out innovative research and development and to contribute to the best practices in civil engineering. The Applied Geodetic Division nowadays develops works in two domains: the geodetic surveying of large dams and other engineering structures for monitoring purposes, and the processing of digital images with applications in several domains, which includes the study of the evolution of pathologies in engineering works. Originally the processing of digital images made use mostly of the chromatic information included in the images (from satellite images to close range photographs). But recently it has evolved to extract information of the geometry of the objects by the generation of point clouds. This use of close range photographs (from distances of decimetres to a few meters), which started in the summer of 2014, looks very promising and we, the authors, are identifying possible areas where the use of point clouds and orthomosaics that can be of interest to our colleagues of LNEC, civil engineers mostly. This paper presents the first examples where point clouds and orthomosaics, generated from close range photographs, can help civil engineers on their studies. The photogrammetic products were all generated using the free open-source software Micmac (Multi-Image Correspondances, Méthodes Automatiques de Corrélation) from IGN (Institut National de l’Information Géographique et Forestière, France).
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