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Title: Railways track characterization using ground penetrating radar
Authors: Fontul, S.
Fortunato, E.
Chiara, F.
Burrinha, R.
Baldeiras, M.
Keywords: Ground Penetrating Radar;Track maintenance;Inspection vehicle;Dielectric constants;Geometric parameters
Issue Date: Jul-2016
Publisher: Elsevier, B.V.
Citation: 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.06.120
Abstract: A proper quality control of the railway track condition and its monitoring since the construction phase are key factors for a long life cycle and for an efficient maintenance policy. For this purpose, suitable techniques, such as non-destructive tests, represent an efficient monitoring solution as they allow evaluating infrastructure characteristics continuously, saving time and costs, with minimal interferences on track use. Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a fast and effective electromagnetic survey technique that enables the measuring of layers thickness, detection of changes on structure or on materials properties along the line. It can also detect different types of defects such as ballast pockets, fouled ballast, poor drainage, subgrade settlement and transitions problems, depending on their extension. These defects are generally the causes of vertical deviations in track geometry and they cannot be detected by the common monitoring procedures, namely the measurements of track geometry. GPR application to railways infrastructures at network level is relatively recent. In Portugal, rail inspection is performed with Plasser & Theurer EM120 equipment and recently 400 MHz IDS antennas were installed on it. GPR tests were performed on the Portuguese rail network and, as case study, a section of an in service tracks is addressed in this paper. A combined monitoring approach is presented, based on interpretation of the geometric parameter measurement, currently utilized for maintenance planning, together with GPR results, in order to detect the causes of the track deterioration and to plan more appropriate maintenance interventions.
ISSN: 1877-7058
Appears in Collections:DT/NIT - Comunicações a congressos e artigos de revista

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