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Title: The effect of differential settlements on the dynamic response of the train-track system: a numerical study
Authors: Paixão, A.
Fortunato, E.
Calçada, R.
Keywords: Railway track;Differential settlements;Track dips;Numerical modelling;Train–track interaction;Hanging sleepers
Issue Date: Feb-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Paixão, A., Fortunato, E., & Calçada, R. (2015). The effect of differential settlements on the dynamic response of the train-track system: a numerical study. Engineering Structures, 88, 216-224. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2015.01.044
Abstract: Railway tracks on earthworks with poor geotechnical performance may undergo important differential settlements that amplify the dynamic response of the train–track system, inducing rapid track degrada- tion, lower passenger comfort and higher derailment risk. Because the track substructure is normally inaccessible, these problems are not detected early, are very complex to solve and disrupt normal train operation. To study the influence of settlement profiles on the train–track system, the authors performed a parametric study comprising non-linear dynamic analyses using a FEM model to simulate different sce- narios. Some profiles caused important amplifications in the train–track system that were associated to rapid track degradation and derailment risk, while others were associated to lower passenger comfort. Hanging sleepers were found to be strongly associated to critical situations of track degradation. The results were integrated and used in a framework to establish performance indicators that can be useful for planning railway track maintenance works.
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