Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.lnec.pt:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/1014119
Title: Apparent roughness coefficient in overbank flows
Authors: Fernandes, J. N.
Keywords: Compound channel;Overbank flows;Flood management;Roughness;Apparent shear stress
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2021
Publisher: SPRINGER NATURE
Citation: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-021-04677-3
Abstract: Overbank flows occur in alluvial valleys during flood events when the conveyance of main channel of rivers is exceeded. Once floodplains are inundated and the so-called compound channel flow is observed, the faster flow in the main channel interacts with the slower flow in the floodplain featuring a much more pronounced 3D flow structure compared to single channel flow. These flow mechanisms comprise a shear layer near the interface, lateral momentum transfer and strong secondary currents due to the non-isotropic turbulence. This paper starts by giving an overview of the main flow mechanisms in compound channels pointing out the importance of taking into account the apparent shear stress generated between the main channel and the floodplain flows due to the interaction of these flows. A new simple model was developed to include the apparent shear stress concept as a correction of the Manning roughness coefficient of main channel and floodplains. The proposed method for predicting stage–discharge relationships was calibrated and validated by experimental data from several compound channel facilities. A significant improvement in prediction of the compound channel conveyance in comparison with the traditional methods was achieved.
URI: http://dspace2.lnec.pt:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/1014119
http://repositorio.lnec.pt:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/1014119
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