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|Title:||Effects of thermal cycles on adhesively bonded joints between pultruded GFRP adherends|
Correia, J. R.
Firmo, João P.
|Keywords:||Pultruded GFRP adherends;Polyurethane;Epoxy;Adesively bonded joints;Thermal cycles;Durability|
|Abstract:||This paper presents an experimental study about the effects of thermal cycles on adhesively bonded joints between pultruded glass fibre reinforced polyester (GFRP) adherends used in civil engineering structural applications. Single lap bonded joints were produced with two commercial polymeric adhesives - epoxy (EP) and polyurethane (PUR) - and exposed to a mild (Mediterranean) range of thermal variations (-5 °C to 40 °C) for up to 350 cycles in a dry condition. The mechanical performance of the adhesively bonded joints was assessed by means of single lap shear tests. Regardless of the inherent differences between both adhesives, results obtained show that the global effect of thermal cycles on the load vs. displacement response of EP-GFRP and PUR-GFRP joints was similar. For both adhesives, thermal cycles caused considerable reduction of joint stiffness and strength, with maximum reductions of 18% and 22% for EP-GFRP joints, respectively, and 19% and 11% for PUR GFRP joints. The degradation of performance was influenced by post-curing effects, more relevant in the PUR adhesive. Before exposure to thermal cycles, both types of specimens exhibited similar failure mechanisms, which generally (80-90% of cases) involved light fibre tear and fibre tear modes, attesting the effectiveness of the adhesion process and material compatibility. Exposure to thermal cycles did not influence the failure modes of the PUR-GFRP joints; however, EP-GFRP joints became more prone to adhesive failure after being subjected to thermal cycles. Overall, the results obtained indicate that thermal cycles degrade bonded joints between pultruded GFRP adherends; however, for the conditions used in this study, this degradation seems to be compatible with the structural use of this type of joints in civil infrastructure.|
|Appears in Collections:||DM/NMO - Comunicações a congressos e artigos de revista|
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