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Title: Development of GDams2D 1.0 - A MATLAB code for structural analysis of gravity dams using Lagrangian finite elements with 9 nodes
Other Titles: Desenvolvimento do programa GDams2D 1.0 - Um programa em MATLAB para análise estrutural de barragens gravidade usando elementos finitos de Lagrange com 9 nós
Authors: Rodrigues, M.
Oliveira, S.
Keywords: Gravity dams;Linear-elastic behavior;FEM convergence;2D Lagrangian finite elements;p-refinement and h-refinement;Solid mechanics
Issue Date: Sep-2019
Series/Report no.: REPORT 321/2019 – DBB/NMMR;
Abstract: In this work we present the version 1.0 of the GDams2D 1.0 program developed for 2D analysis of gravity dams using the finite element method. This initial version of the program is prepared to analyze the structural behavior of gravity dams for static loads, considering linear-elastic behavior, and using Lagrange finite elements of 4 sides, with 9 nodal points. The GDams2D 1.0 program, developed in MATLAB, includes a module for automatic generation of meshes with a great level of refinement (generated from coarse meshes of quadrilaterals, with 4 nodal points at the vertices) and is designed for easy adaptation to non-linear analyzes, using stress-transfer modules such as those recently developed for the DamSlide3D and DamDamage3D programs. After a brief reference to the fundamentals of solid mechanics and to the simplified hypotheses of plane elasticity, the Fundamentals of the Finite Element Method (FEM) are presented, referring in particular the formulation of the four-node, linear and isoparametric, finite element (FE4nos), with two translation d.o.f per node, and the quadrangular FEs of 9 nodes (FE9nos) used in GDams2D 1.0. Based on some examples of application to simple 2D structures whose response is known analytically, the advantages of FEs are emphasized in relation to FE4nos and the verification and operability of GDams2D 1.0 is made using various discretizations. Finally, the case of a gravity dam (25 m high) is presented. The dam’s structural behavior for the main loads, self-weight and hydrostatic pressure, is simulated with GDams2D 1.0. The results obtained are analyzed based on the post-processing module of GDams2D 1.0, also developed in MATLAB in the scope of the present work. This module allows several types of representation of the displacement field and stress field.
Appears in Collections:DBB/NMMR - Relatórios Científicos

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