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Title: Grading of portuguese maritime pine small-diameter roundwood
Authors: Morgado, T.
Dias, A.
Saporiti Machado, J.
Negrão, J.
Marques, A.
Keywords: Maritime pine;Grading;Mechanical properties
Issue Date: Feb-2017
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Citation: 10.1061/ (ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001721
Abstract: This paper presents work carried out with the aim of characterizing the mechanical behavior and developing visual and machine strength grading systems for Portuguese maritime pine roundwood for structural applications. Two samples of forty maritime pine logs each were collected, one in a northern region of Portugal and another in an interior central region. After drying, the logs were visually graded and subjected to nondestructive tests, using vibration and ultrasounds, for determination of dynamic modulus of elasticity. The logs were then subjected to destructive tests for determining bending and compression strength and bending modulus of elasticity. These results were analyzed in order to identify the features to be considered in the strength grading process. From this analysis, a proposal was developed to visually grade Portuguese maritime pine roundwood in two strength grades. According to the European strength class standard for solid timber, the upper grade has similar mechanical properties to the C50 class, whereas the lower grade is similar to the C35. The machine grading showed good potential as a result of the good correlation presented between the dynamic modulus of elasticity and the mechanical properties. However, the ultrasounds showed slightly better correlation than the vibration method, whereas the last one is more practical.
Appears in Collections:DE/NCE - Comunicações a congressos e artigos de revista

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