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Title: Porous media approach for RANS simulation of compound open-channel flows with submerged vegetated floodplains
Authors: Brito, M.
Fernandes, J. N.
Leal, J. B.
Keywords: Compound open-channel;Submerged vegetation;Porous media;EARSM;Mixing-layer
Issue Date: Dec-2016
Publisher: Springer
Citation: 10.1007/s10652-016-9481-0
Abstract: The main goal of this study is the 3D numerical simulation of river flows with submerged vegetated floodplains. Since, vegetation layers are usually dense and present a large spatial heterogeneity they are here represented as a porous media. Standard semiempirical relations drawn for porous beds packed with non-spherical particles are used to estimate the porous media parameters based on the averaged geometry of the vegetation elements. Thus, eliminating the uncertainty arising from a bulk drag coefficient approach and allowing the use of a coarser mesh. The free flow is described by Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations, whereas the porous media flow is described by the volumetric-average of RANS equations. The volume-of-fluid method and an anisotropic explicit algebraic Reynolds stress model are used for free-surface and turbulence closure, respectively. The simulation approach is validated against results by other authors featuring vegetated flows in horizontal and rectangular open-channel. The computed results show that the time-averaged streamwise velocity and Reynolds shear stress vertical profiles are properly simulated. The validated approach was applied to simulate compound openchannel flows with submerged vegetated floodplains and compared with data obtained in an experimental facility. The results show that the proposed porous media approach is adequate to simulate flows with submerged vegetation on the floodplains.
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