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Title: Reaction to fire of existing timber elements protected with fire retardant treatments: experimental assessment
Authors: Laranjeira, J.
Cruz, H.
Ferreira Pinto, A. P.
Pina dos Santos, C.
Pereira, J.
Keywords: Timber structures;Structure fire;Fire retardant treatments;Intumescent;Non-intumescent;Re-habilitation
Issue Date: Nov-2014
Publisher: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK
Abstract: Fire safety is an important issue of buildings safety, especially when their fire load contents enhance the risks of fire deflagration. When existing timber structures are involved, the most usual way to improve its reaction to fire is to treat wood with fire retardants. This study focuses on the surface protection of existing timber roof structures against fire, through the use of Fire Retardant (FR) treatments applied on site. An experimental investigation was carried out to study the effect of FR treatments on timber reaction to fire, with a special emphasis on timber members with biological deterioration and previously treated with preservative products. The behaviour and effectiveness of intumescent and non-intumescent treatments was also investigated. The study showed that the application of FR treatments improved the reaction to fire of timber, even in the presence of previous preservative treatments. However, the choice of the specific FR treatment should take into account the substrate conditions. Besides, test results suggest that protection systems involving multi layers (intumescent and non-intumescent) with different functioning modes each are likely to have a good global performance on the protection of timber elements against fire.
ISSN: 1558-3058
Appears in Collections:DE/NCE - Comunicações a congressos e artigos de revista

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