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Title: Cryptotermes brevis (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) in the Azores: Lessons After 2 yr of Monitoring in the Archipelago
Authors: Borges, P.
Guerreiro, O.
Ferreira, M.
Borges , A.
Ferreira , F.
Bicudo , N.
Ribeiro Nunes, L. M.
Marcos, R.
Arroz, A.
Scheffrahn, R.
Myles, T.
Keywords: Urban pest management;Macaronesia;Invasive species;Blattodea;Isoptera
Issue Date: Nov-2014
Publisher: Oxford University Press em parceria com o Entomological Society of America
Abstract: The dispersal flights of West Indian drywood termite, Cryptotermes brevis (Walker) (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) were surveyed in the major cities of Azores. The sampling device used to estimate termite density consisted of a yellow adhesive trap (size 45 by 24 cm), placed with an artificial or natural light source in a dark attic environment. In addition, data from two other projects were used to improve the knowledge about the geographical distribution of the species. The level of infestation in the two main Azorean towns differed, with high levels in the houses of Angra do Heroı´smo, whereas in Ponta Delgada, there are fewer houses with high levels of infestation. The infestation in Ponta Delgada shows a pattern of spreading from the center outward to the city’s periphery, whereas in Angra do Heroı´smo, there was a pattern of spreading outward from several foci. The heavy infestation observed in Angra do Heroı´smo and the clear increase of infestation levels observed from 2010 to 2011 is a reason for concern and calls for an urgent application of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) control strategy.
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