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Title: Variation of wood density and mechanical properties of blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon R. Br.)
Authors: Saporiti Machado, J.
Louzada, J.
Santos, A.
Ribeiro Nunes, L. M.
Anjos, O.
Rodrigues, J.
Simões, R.
Pereira, H.
Keywords: Acacia melanoxylon;Wood density;Mechanical properties
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The variation of wood density and mechanical properties with site, tree and within tree (longitudinal and radial) were studied for blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon R. Br.) grown in four sites in Portugal. Twenty trees were randomly selected (40 cm dbh class, 33–51 years of age), sampled at three stem height levels (5%, 35% and 65% of tree height) and three radial positions (10%, 50% and 90% of radius). They were further tested for air-dry density at 12% moisture content, bending strength (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE) and compression strength parallel to grain (CS), using ISO standards. The overall mean properties of blackwood were: 654 kg m 3 density, 139 N mm 2 MOR, 141 102 Nmm 2 MOE and 61 N mm 2 CS. Site was not a significant source of variation for all wood properties. The variation between individual trees was the most important. Within the tree, the radial variation was highly significant for all traits, while the longitudinal variation was only significant for density. The correlation of density with the mechanical properties was moderate. Blackwood showed potential for being an alternative species to supply the industry with valuable hardwood timber. The significant differences found between the trees demonstrate the possibility of selection and improvement for increased wood quality.
ISBN: 0261-3069
Appears in Collections:DE/NCE - Comunicações a congressos e artigos de revista

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