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Title: A 3D generalized rigid particle contact model for rock fracture
Authors: Azevedo, N.
Lemos, J. V.
Keywords: Discrete element;Particle model;Contact model;Fracture;Rock
Issue Date: Feb-2013
Abstract: Purpose - The rigid spherical particle models proposed in the literature for modeling fracture in rock have some difficulties in reproducing both the observed macroscopic hard rock triaxial failure enveloped and compressive to tensile strength ratio. With the purpose of obtaining a better agreement with the experimental behaviour, a 3D generalized rigid particle contact model based on a multiple contact point formulation is presented which allows moment transmission and includes in a straightforward manner the effect of friction at the contact level. Design/methodology/approach – The explicit formulation of a generalized contact model is initially presented. Following, the proposed model is validated against known triaxial and Brazilian tests of Lac du Bonnet granite rock. The influence of moment transmission at the contact level, the number of contacts per particle and the contact friction coefficient are assessed. Findings – The proposed contact model model, GCM-3D, gives an excellent agreement with the Lac du Bonet granite rock, strength envelope and compressive to tensile strength ratio. It is shown that it is important to have a contact model that: 1) Inter-particle interactions are defined using a Delaunay edge criteria; 2) Includes in its formulation a contact friction coefficient; 3) Incorporates moment transmission at the contact level. Originality/value - The explicit formulation of a new generalized 3D contact model, GCM-3D, is proposed. The most important features of the model, moment transmission through multiple point contacts, contact friction term contribution for the shear strength and contact activation criteria that lead to a best agreement with hard rock experimental values are introduced and discussed in an integrated manner for the first time. An important contribution for rock fracture modeling, the formulation here presented can be readily incorporated into commercial and open source software rigid particle models.
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