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|Title:||Improving the use of unbound granular materials in railway sub-ballast layer|
|Keywords:||Design optimization;Sub-ballast layer;In-situ characterization;Cyclic triaxial load testing|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis Group|
|Citation:||Fortunato, E.; Paixão, A. & Fontul, S. (2012) Improving the use of unbound granular materials in railway sub-ballast layer; 2nd International Conference on Transportation Geotechnics; Advances in Transportation Geotechnics II; Hokkaido University, Japan; 10-12 Sep. 2012; pp. 522-527;|
|Abstract:||The rational use of materials to be applied in the supporting layers of railway tracks is an important aspect that can contribute to reducing the life cycle cost of such infrastructures. In recent renovation and new rail track construction projects carried out in Portugal, a sub-ballast layer has been typically implemented in the track structure, using unbound granular materials (UGM). This layer and the characteristics of the materials play a fundamental role in the track behaviour. Nevertheless, there is a lack of consensus worldwide on the requirements established for such materials. In Portugal and in other countries, very stringent requirements based on empirical tests have been adopted, making it difficult to find materials that fulfil such requirements. There is also evidence that some of these materials, which do not comply with all those requirements, can still be considered as appropriate for sub- ballast. Within the scope of this study, the construction of a new railway section was supervised. During construction, it was difficult to obtain the desired quantity of granite material for the 30 cm thick sub-ballast layer that would fulfil the requirements and still comply with the contract deadline. In alternative, another structural solution was used that considered the replacement of the bottom 15 cm of granite material sub-ballast layer by limestone material which did not comply with some empirical requirements. In order to study the feasibility of this change, evaluate its consequences and establish new quality assurance indicators to be adopted afterwards, several studies were developed, such as in-situ characterization and cyclic triaxial load tests on different UGM. The studies performed and the results presented in this paper show that, taking into account a mechanistic approach, some materials that do not comply with all requirements based on empirical tests might be adequate to be applied in the sub-ballast layer.|
|Appears in Collections:||DT/NIT - Comunicações a congressos e artigos de revista|
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